The first type – broad and comprehensive cybersecurity maturity assessment frameworks:
The NIST cybersecurity maturity assessment framework is a flexible, comprehensive framework developed by the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
NIST frameworks and maturity models are among the best and most widely used in enterprise cybersecurity, especially in the US. The federal government backing adds an additional layer of assurance to its users. NIST initially developed this framework in conjunction with private players to protect critical industries. But, its scope has since expanded widely.
The framework consists of five core functions – identify, protect, detect, respond, and recover. Due to the inherent flexibility, it’s applied in information technology (IT), industrial control systems (ICS), cyber-physical systems (CPS), and even IoT-connected devices.
The ISO series is an internationally recognized maturity assessment standard suitable for organizations of all sizes and types. For organizations that operate in the European Union or internationally, the ISO maturity assessment framework can be an ideal choice to ensure comprehensive risk assessment and reduction. But unlike NIST and COBIT, the ISO frameworks come with a cost to bear.
Apart from cybersecurity maturity assessment, it contains an extensive set of standards to manage privacy, confidentiality and technical aspects.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) developed the ISO framework.
The Control Objectives for Information Related Technology (COBIT) framework was initially developed in 1996 by ISACA for information technology (IT) management and IT governance. The framework has seen several improvements since its inception.
The COBIT maturity assessment framework is a simpler alternative when compared to NIST and ISO. For smaller organizations, the COBIT framework is more accessible and easier to implement. It does also offer better integration of enterprise business goals along with IT goals.
In addition to maturity assessment, it can also help organizations comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
The CIS framework, also known as CIS 20, was developed by the Center for Internet Security. It consists of 20 main guidelines to ensure digital resilience. CIS 20 directly helps organizations improve their cybersecurity by implementing best-practice technical measures. Unlike other frameworks, CIS 20 provides direct, actionable information. Thus, making it a popular choice for many organizations.
The CIS framework also provides a self-assessment tool to help organizations assess and track their implementation of the CIS Controls.